Tuesday, May 17, 2011

Myocardial infarction

Many many thanks to Karun Kumar for sending his self made mnemonics on MI. Please note that he has included some hindi mnemonics in this post.

Definition (CAP)

  • Evidence of myocardial necrosis with any 1 of the following:
  1. Cardiac biomarkers (pref. Troponins) showing sudden rise or fall
  2. Sudden unexpected cardiac death involving cardiac Arrest
  3. Pathological findings of acute MI

Signs of MI (windows VISTA)
  1. Vagal activation (vomiting, bradycardia)
  2. Impaired myocard. Func. (s1,s2 soft; hypotension; inc. JVP; Oliguria; Cold, clammy skin)
  3. Sympathetic activation (Pallor, sweating, tachycardia)
  4. Tissue damage (Low grade fever)
  5. A complication (MR / VSD producing pansystolic murmur

Enzymes elevated in MI (TALC - talcum powder)

  1.  Troponin T/I
  2.  AST
  3.  LDH
  4.  CK-MB

Complications of MI
  • Immediate (RAILgaadi)
a) RV infarction
b) Arrythmias (VT, AF, VF) - may also be due to I.v. Xylocaine overdose
c) LHF

  • Early (PSVT ka MELA laga hua hai !!)
a) Pericarditis

b) Sudden death

c) VSD

d) Thromboembolic complications (Pulmonary, Arterial)
e) MR (Papillary muscle dysfunction or rupture)

f)  LV free wall rupture (Pericardial tamponade)

g) Arterial compl. (same as mentioned in d) )
  •  Late (PADS)
a) Psychological reaction (DADDA- Denial, Acceptance, Dependency, Depression, Adjustment - this is from earliest change to last)
b) Arrythmias (ventricular like VF, VT)
c) Dressler’s syndrome (Autoimmune phenomenon characterized by fever, pericarditis, pleuritis, pneumonitis)
d) Shoulder (Frozen shoulder) – Pain n stiffness of left shoulder


Anonymous said...

I would heartily like to thank Shajil Sir for posting my mnemonics.

Sm FORHAD said...

in which time which marker is appropriate? plz tell about that easily

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