Friday, January 8, 2010


Jugular Venous Pulse waves:

a - wave : due to Atrial contraction
x - descent : due to atrial relaXation
c - wave : Bulging (Closure ) of Tricuspid valve into right atrium
v - wave : Venacaval blood Volume increased when Tricuspid valve is closed
y - descent: Tricuspid valve opening and inflow of blood into right ventricle ( Yahooooo ! - Tricuspid valve open! )

Note that first 2 waves are described in relation to Atrium and the next 3 waves in relation to Tricuspid.

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