Friday, May 21, 2010

Anion gap mnemonics

These are famous picks to remember conditions showing variations in anion gap:
  • Anion gap is increased in MUDPILES: methanol, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis, propylene glycol, isoniazid, lactic acidosis, ethylene glycol, salicylates
  • Anion gap is Normal in FUSEDCARS: fistula (pancreatic), uretogastric conduits, saline administration, endocrine (hyperparathyrdoism), diarrhea, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors (acetazolamide), ammonium chloride, renal tubular acidosis, spironolactone
  • Anion gap is DECREASED in conditions associated with HYPOalbuminemia (Causes of which are Hemorrage and NIL - Nephrotic syndrome, Intestinal obstruction, Liver cirrhosis)

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